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Introduction to Petroleum Chemistry

Estimated Time to Complete:

4 hours

(average of 20 minutes per Subtopic)

Focuses on characteristics and chemical makeup of petroleum, tracing maturation of organic matter to petroleum. Emphasizes development of kerogen and bitumen as transitional steps, and explains modification of intermediate materials during diagenesis, catagenesis, and metagenesis in response to increasing subsurface temperature. Presents examples of source-rock studies, crude-oil correlations and crude oil-source rock parings.

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Total Number of Subtopics: 12
  • expand/collapse Petroleum
    • Organic Orgin
    • Properties and Composition
    • Principal Subdivisions
    • Application of Data
    • Geochemical Base
    • API Gravity
  • expand/collapse Hydrocarbon Groups
    • Saturated Hydrocarbons (Alkanes)
    • Normal Alkanes
    • Branched Alkanes
    • Cycloalkanes
    • Unsaturated Hydrocarbons (Arenes)
    • Applications of Saturated Hydrocarbon Data
    • Applications of Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Data
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 3 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Resins
    • General Description
    • Heteroatom Designations
    • Heterocompound Designations
    • Applications of Resin Data
  • expand/collapse Asphaltenes
    • General Description
    • Designations
    • Applications of Asphaltene Data
  • expand/collapse Organic Matter: Progenitor of Petroleum
    • Introduction
    • Carbon Cycle
    • Biological Processes
    • Preservation Processes
    • Composition of Organic Matter
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Organic Matter Maturation
    • Introduction
    • Diagenesis
    • Kerogen Classification
    • Products of Diagenesis
    • Catagenesis and Metagenesis
    • Process Overview
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Geochemical Evaluation Overview
    • Introduction
    • Source Rock Studies
    • Correlation Studies
  • expand/collapse Source Potential (Inherent)
    • Introduction
    • Kerogen Richness
    • Kerogen Proneness
  • expand/collapse Source Potential (Realized): Kerogen Evaluation
    • Introduction
    • Thermal Alteration Index
    • Conodont Alteration Index
    • Vitrinite Reflectance
    • Fluorescence
    • Pyrolysis
  • expand/collapse Source Potential (Realized): Bitumen/ Petroleum Evaluation
    • Introduction
    • Gaseous Hydrocarbons
    • Liquid Hydrocarbons
    • Maturation Characteristics
  • expand/collapse Correlation Studies
    • Specific Discriminating Properties
    • Broad Data Assemblages
  • expand/collapse Introduction to Petroleum Chemistry: References and Additional Information
    • References
    • Glossary
    • Additional Reading
    • Calculation Procedures
(Use the '+' and '-' buttons to expand or collapse each Subtopic Title individually for details.)