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Exploration in Carbonate Rocks

Estimated Time to Complete:

3 hours 20 minutes

(average of 20 minutes per Subtopic)

Introduces carbonates by examining formation and deposition, focusing on ramp and slope models and the depositional settings within them. Presents field examples of ancient and modern carbonate deposits and their reservoir characteristics.

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Total Number of Subtopics: 10
  • expand/collapse Introduction to Exploration in Carbonate Rocks
    • Approach to Facies Analysis
    • Economic Significance of Carbonate Reservoirs
    • General Sedimentary Setting
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Carbonate Rocks Described
    • Carbonate Grain Types
    • Classification of Carbonate Rocks
    • Principles of Carbonate Sedimentation
    • Carbonate Ramp Model
    • Carbonate Shelf Model
    • Carbonate Shelf Model Through Time
    • General Depositional Settings and Sedimentary Cycles
    • Principle Depositional Models and Environments
    • Carbonate Diagenesis
    • Dolomitization
    • Carbonate Porosity
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 3 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Analysis of Carbonate Rocks and Facies Distribution
    • Overview of Petrophysical Properties
    • Tools and Techniques
    • Stratigraphic Framework
    • Disconformities and Exposure Surfaces
    • Seismic Stratigraphy
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Nonmarine Carbonate Settings
    • Introduction
    • Lacustrine Environment
    • Carbonate Dune Environment
    • Caliche
    • Cave Deposits
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Coastal Setting
    • Introduction
    • Carbonate Beach Depositional Model
    • Tidal Flat and Sabkha Depositional Models
    • Swamps in Carbonate Depositional Complexes
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Shelf Setting
    • Introduction
    • Restricted vs. Open Shelf Environments
    • Muddy Shelf Sands
    • Tidal Deltas
    • Mudbanks
    • Patch Reefs
    • Shelf Sand Bodies
    • Shelf Basins
  • expand/collapse Shelf-Margin Setting
    • Introduction
    • Reefs: Introduction
    • Detection and Delineation of Shelf Margins
    • Ecologic Reefs
    • Seismic Indications
    • Reef Reservoir (Example)
    • Shelf-Margin Sand Bodies
    • Other Shelf-Marginal Depositional Models
    • Ancient Carbonate Reef Margins: Examples
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Foreslope Setting
    • Introduction
    • Depositional vs. Bypass Foreslopes
    • Modern Examples of Foreslopes
    • Depositional Models in Foreslope Settings
    • Ancient Examples of Foreslopes
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 3 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Basinal Setting
    • Introduction
    • Modern Basinal Carbonate Sediments
    • Main Depositional Models and Facies Types
    • Ancient Basinal Carbonates
    • Exercise No. 1 (Solution)
    • Exercise No. 2 (Solution)
  • expand/collapse Exploration in Carbonate Rocks: References and Additional Information
    • References
    • Additional Reading
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